Clostridium Difficile (C. diff)
C. diff is a symptomatic infection caused by spore-forming bacterium called Clostridium difficile. Abdominal pain, Diarrhea, Nausea and Fever are common symptoms. The bacterial spores found in feces is the root cause for spreading Clostridium difficile infection. Healthcare workers are at risk of getting infected directly when in contact with surfaces already contaminated with spores. Main risk factors are hospitalization, older age, antibiotic / proton pump inhibitors usage and other health problems. If someone is infected, but still not showing any symptoms, such a condition is termed as C. diff colonization rather than C. diff infection.